Traumatic Brain injury
Each year, about 2 out of every 1,000 people worldwide sustain a traumatic brain injury. This damage by force (such as an accident or assault) is a leading cause of death, disability, and seizure disorders. Disabilities from traumatic brain injury include problems with thinking, memory, and reasoning; processing senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, or smell; self-expression or understanding communication; and changes in behavior or psychiatric issues.
The effects of traumatic brain injury can range from mild and temporary to persistent and severe. Brain injury can cause serious unresponsive states, including stupor, coma or vegetative states that may persist. From 100,000 to 300,000 patients with traumatic brain injury in the U.S. are in a minimally conscious state, and are currently maintained in a long-term care setting.
See links to clinical trials of neurostimulation in traumatic brain injury
Reviewed April 2, 2012
Jaimie M. Henderson, MD
Director-at-Large, International Neuromodulation Society, 2011 - 2014
Associate Professor of Neurosurgery, and, By Courtesy, of Neurology and Neurological Sciences; Robert and Ruth Halperin Faculty Scholar; Director, Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery; Co-Director, Neural Prosthetics Translational Laboratory; Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA